Curriculum Vitae


Current Position

Professor and Executive Director of the Western Regional Aquaculture Center
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
Fisheries Teaching and Research Building
Box 355020
University of Washington
1140 NE Boat St
Seattle WA 98195-5020

Phone: 206-543-4291
Cell: 206-409-3420
Fax: 206-685-4674
Email : GrahamY@u.washington.edu

Education

PhD, University of Sheffield, 1980, Zoology
BSc, University of Sheffield, 1975, Zoology 

Experience

Faculty and Research Appointments

  • Professor, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, 2004-present
  • Member (2002-2004) and Adjunct Member (2004 to present), Center for Reproduction, Washington State University/University of Idaho
  • Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Idaho, 2002-2004
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 2002-
  • Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 2001-2002
  • Visiting Researcher, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle, February-July 2001
  • Visiting Research Professor, University of Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Pauley Summer Program on Molecular Biology of Larval Development in Fish, July 1999
  • Visiting Research Professor, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan, February-November 1996
  • Visiting Research Professor, University of Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology International Workshop on Growth and Development in Fish, July 1993
  • Senior Lecturer, Department of Zoology, 1992-2001
  • Lecturer, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 1989-91
  • Visiting Research Professor, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan, October 1987
  • Assistant Research Zoologist, University of California, Berkeley, 1984-89
  • Graduate Research Zoologist, University of California, Berkeley, 1982-84
  • Royal Society/Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Postdoctoral Fellow, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan, 1980-82
  • PhD Research, University of Sheffield (U.K. Science Research Council Graduate Scholarship), 1975-1979

Consulting

  • The New Zealand King Salmon Company: Acceleration of maturation and induced spawning of chinook salmon broodstock, 1998-ongoing (collaboration originated with Dr Jane Symonds)
  • The New Zealand King Salmon Company: Determination of optimal time of transfer to seawater of juvenile chinook salmon, 1997-1999 (collaboration with Dr Jane Symonds; data included in the MSc thesis of M.C.J. Quinn, 1999)
  • Consultant to National Institute for Water and Atmosphere, New Zealand:  Measuring stress in fish, 1994
  • SALTAS Pty, Australia: Manipulation of spawning in Atlantic salmon broodstock, 1991-1996 (collaboration with Dr Harry King, see King and Young, 2001)
  • California Fish and Game: Timing of salmon smolt releases,1983-89, see Nishioka et al., 1983, 1985; Young et al., 1987)
  • California Department of Fish and Game:  Under contract to investigate causes of mass mortality in striped bass, 1984-87 (see Brown et al., 1987; Cashman et al., 1989; Young et al., 1994)

Teaching Experience

Areas of Specialization

Reproduction, Endocrinology, Comparative Physiology, General Animal Biology

Courses Taught

University of Otago (1997-2002):
  • Comparative Physiology, Zool 414
  • Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture, Mari 426
  • Reproduction, Zool 317
  • Environmental Physiology, Zool 313
  • Animal Physiology, Zool 213
  • Biology of Animals Biol 112
University of Idaho (2002-):
  • Principles of Biological Structure and Function, Biol 213, 2003-
  • Organisms and Environment, Biol 116, 2003-
  • Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, Biol 324, 2004-

Graduate Student Supervision and Examination

Major Advisor

PhD

  • I. Brown,  PhD, The influence of low temperature on the Antarctic nematode  Panogrolaimus davidi,  University of Otago, 1994
  • C. McMahon, PhD: Regulation of the seasonal pattern of appetite and growth in red deer stags (Cervus elaphus), University of Otago, 1995 
  • I. Kokay, PhD: Dopamine receptors in the brain of the honeybee, Apis melliferis, University of Otago, 1997
  • P.M. Lokman, PhD: The reproductive physiology of New Zealand freshwater eels (Anguilla spp), University of Otago, 1997
  • L.J. Schep, PhD: The delivery of bioactive peptides across the salmon posterior intestine, University of Otago, 1999
  • Glen Carbines, PhD: Age, growth and sex reversal of blue cod, University of Otago, 2002
  • Makoto Kusakabe, PhD: Molecular endocrinology of steroid production in male rainbow trout, University of Otago, 2002
  • Stephen Scott, PhD: Environmental control of cortisol production in salmonids, University of Otago, 2002
  • Philip Veillette, PhD: Regulation of water absorption by the juvenile salmonid intestine: development of an organ culture system, University of Otago, 2004

MSc

  • P. Crabb, MSc: Reproduction in greenbone Odax pullus  (Teleostei, Odacidae), University of Otago, 1994
  • S. McQueen, MSc: The reproductive endocrinology of Fiordland crested and Adelie penguins, with reference to timing of foraging during incubation, University of Otago, 1994.
  • D. Setiono, MSc: Reproductive biology of three species of New Zealand marine flatfish, University of Otago, 1996
  • A.M. Cassidy, MSc: The relationship between behaviour and adrenocortical response to administration of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in farmed red deer (Cervus elaphus), University of Otago, 1996
  • M.C.J. Quinn, MSc: Gill Na+,K+-ATPase during smoltification of chinook salmon: a morphological and biochemical study, University of Otago, 1999.
  • C. Donovan, MSc: Regulation of steroidogenesis in follicle of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), University of Otago, 2000   
  • H.J. McQuillan, MSc: Regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis in
  • chinook salmon and rainbow trout, University of Otago, 2000
  • P. Streeter, MSc: Effects of acute adrenocorticotropin  hormone (ACTH) infusion during the pre-ovulatory period on the oestrous and ovulation processes in red deer hinds (Cerus elaphus ), University of Otago, 2001
  • Ingerid Hagen, MSc, Expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein gene in interrenal cells of rainbow trout, Univerisity Otago, 2002

BSc Honours and Diploma in Wildlife Management

  • C. Peacocke , BSc Hons: Regulation of interrenal function in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka): non-classical control mechanisms and development of a cell culture system, University of Otago, 1990.
  • J. Todd, BSc Hons: The response of chloride cells in the gills of the inanga, Galaxias maculatus, to changes in the aquatic environment, University of Otago, 1993
  • H. Suter, BSc Hons: Oocyte development and pituitary structure in inanga, Galaxias   maculatus, University of Otago, 1994.
  • C. Mills, BSc Hons: Effects of the new anaesthetic, Aqui-S, on stress responses and seawater adaptability of chinook salmon, University of Otago, 1998.
  • M.L. Cross, Postgraduate Dip. Wildlife Management: Bovine tuberculosis in wild ferrets (Mustela furo): investigating immune response as a potential disease management tool, University of Otago, 1998
  • E. Swale, Postgraduate Dip. Wildlife Management, Evaluation of trap type for potential use in a ferret (Mustela furo)/bovine tuberculosis vaccination programme, University of Otago, 1999

External Examiner of Theses (Universities of Otago, Waikato, Lincoln, Tasmania, Singapore)

  • A. Sharmila, PhD 2003
  • C. Tyrrell, PhD, 2001
  • N.M. Jahangir Kabir, PhD, 2001
  • Jane Girling, PhD, 1999
  • C. Barnett, PhD, 1998
  • Michael Summerfield, MSc, 2001
  • L. Tait, MSc, 1999
  • M. Fraser, MSc, 1998
  • S. Clements, MSc 1996
  • A. Hobby, MSc, 1994
  • C. Barnett, MSc, 1993

Courses Developed

University of Otago

Co-developer:  all courses team-taught

  • Comparative Physiology, Zool 414
  • Reproduction, Zool 317
  • Environmental Physiology, Zool 313
  • Animal Physiology, Zool 213
  • Biology of Animals Biol 112

University of Idaho

Co-developed with Dr A. Brown

  • Principles of Biological Structure and Function, Biol 213
  • Organisms and Environment,  Biol 116

Workshops and Teaching Seminars

  • University of Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Pauley Graduate Summer Program on Molecular Biology of Larval Development in Fish, July 1999 (research seminars, lab course)
  • Visiting Research Professor, University of Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Pauley Graduate Summer Program on Growth and Development in Fish, July 1993 (research seminars, lab course)

Grants and Contracts

University of Idaho

  • G. Young, Endocrine control of oogenesis in rainbow trout USDA CRI, August 15, 2003-August 14, 2006, $250,000
  • G. Young and R. Ingermann, Changes in salmonid peritoneal fluid composition as indicators of environmental stress - a foundation study for the development of an enhanced sensor PIT-tag September 1, 2003-February 28, 2005, $34,321
  • G. Young, Control of oocyte recruitment in salmonids. USDA (through WSU/UI Aquaculture Initiative), July 1, 2003-June 30, 2004, $35,000
  • G. Young, Regulation of steroid production in salmonids and impacts of environmental contaminants, US Fish and Wildlife Service, July 1, 2003-June 30, 2004, $35,608

New Zealand (1997-2002 only)

  • G. Young, Gonadal and brain biosynthesis during puberty in salmonid fish, Otago Research Committee, July 1, 2002- March 31, 2003, $18,000
  • G. Young, Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein (StAR): cloning, characterization and function in fish, Otago Research Committee, July 1, 2001- March 31, 2002, $15,000
  • G. Young, Molecular endocrinology and evolution of corticosteroid synthesis, Otago Research Committee, July 1, 2000- March 31, 2001, $25,954
  • G. Young, Sex steroid hormones and genes: non-mammalian models for studying the regulation of steroidogenic enzyme gene expression, Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fund, March 1, 1999- February 28, 2002, $415,000
  • G. Young, Regulation of steroid hormone production and action in teleost fish, Otago Research Committee, $29,500, July 1, 1998- March 31, 1999,
  • G. Young, Otago Research Committee, Steroid hormone production and action in teleost fishes, $25,000, July 1, 1997- March 31, 1998

Service

Major Committee Assignments

University of Idaho

  • Departmental Graduate Affairs Committee, 2002-2003
  • Departmental Research and Education Infrastructure Committee, 2003-

University of Otago

  • Sector Manager, Dunedin Campus Transitional and Containment Facility, 2000-2002
  • Member of Working Party on MSc in Aquaculture, 1998-2000
  • Departmental Graduate Student Workshop organizer, 1998-99
  • Departmental Radiation Safety Officer, 1998-2002
  • Departmental Biosecurity Compliance Officer, 1998-2002
  • Senior Adviser to undergraduates, 1997
  • Departmental Seminar organizer, 1997
  • Marine Sciences Committee, Division of Science, 1995.
  • Staff-Student Liaison Committee, Member 1989-91, Convenor 1992-1995
  • Various departmental academic and technical staff selection committees

Professional Service

Grant Proposal Reviewer: National Science Foundation; Sea Grant College Program; U.S. Department of Agriculture; CSIRO; Australian Research Council; New Zealand, Royal Society Marsden Fund; Hong Kong University Grants Committee

Journal Articles Reviewer: General and Comparative Endocrinology; Journal of Experimental Zoology; Aquaculture; Fish Physiology and Biochemistry; Developmental Biology; Journal of Molecular Endocrinology; Development, Growth and Differentiation; Life Sciences; Canadian Journal of Zoology; Journal of Endocrinology; Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research; Biology of Reproduction; Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology

Co-organizer of mini-symposium “Advances in Fish Reproduction and Biotechnology”, Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Reproduction, Vancouver,  Canada, 2004

Member of the International Advisory Board, 7th International Symposium on Reproductive Physiology of Fish, 2001-2003

Member of Steering Committee, Reproductive Biology in Aquaculture Program of the International Union of Biological Sciences, 1997-

Treasurer, Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, 1997-2001

Council Member, Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, 1989-2001   

Ad hoc member of local organizing committee for the 3rd International Symposium on Fish Endocrinology, Hakodate, Japan, 1996

Chair, Organizing Committee for the 10th Salmon Smoltification Workshop, University of California, Berkeley, 1987

Numerous invitations as Invited Speaker (12 international) or Chair (1991- )

Publications and Conference Contributions

Publications

Book Chapters and Reviews

Ball, J.N., Batten, T.F.C. and Young, G.  Evolution of hypothalamo-hypophysial systems in lower vertebrates.  In Hormones, Adaptation and Evolution.  (S. Ishii, T. Hirano and M. Wada eds.) pp. 45-56. Japan Scientific Societies Press and  Springer-Verlag,  Tokyo and Berlin (1980)

Nagahama, Y., Kagawa, H. and Young, G.  Cellular sources of sex steroids in teleost gonads.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39: 56-64 (1982)

Kagawa, H., Young, G., Adachi, S. and Nagahama, Y.  Estrogen synthesis in the teleost ovarian follicle: the two-cell type model in salmonids.  In Salmonid Reproduction: an International Symposium.  (R.N. Iwamoto and S. Sower eds.) pp. 20-25. Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle (1985)

Nagahama, Y., Young, G., Ueda, H., Kagawa, H. and Adachi, S.  Endocrine control of final gamete maturation in salmonids.  In Salmonid Reproduction: an International Symposium.  (R.N. Iwamoto and S. Sower eds.) pp. 8-19. Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle (1985)

Nagahama, Y., Young, G. and Kagawa, H.  Steroidogenesis in the amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) ovarian follicle: a two cell-type model.  In Current Trends in Comparative Endocrinology.  (B. Lofts and W.N. Holmes eds). Vol. 1, pp. 239-242 Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong (1985)

Young, G.  Migration, Fish.  In: Encyclopedia of Reproduction (E. Knobil and J.D. Neill, eds). Vol. 3, pp. 234-244. Academic Press, New York  (1999)

Lokman, P.M., Rohr, D.H., Davie, P.S. and Young, G. (2003). The physiology of silvering in anguillid eels: androgens and the control of metamorphosis from the yellow to the silver stage. In Eel Biology (K. Aida, K. Tsukamoto and K, Yamauchi eds.). pp 331-348. Springer, Tokyo (2003)

Young, G., Lokman, P.M., Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I. and Goetz F.W. Gonadal steroidogenesis in teleost fish.  In Molecular Aspects of Fish and Marine Biology (C. Hew series ed.), volume 2: Hormones and their receptors in fish reproduction (N. Sherwood and P. Melamed eds), pp 155-223. World Scientific Press (in press) (2005)

Refereed Journal Articles

Kagawa, H., Young, G., Adachi, S. and Nagahama, Y.  Estradiol-17b production in amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) ovarian follicles: role of the thecal and granulosa cells.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 47: 440-448 (1982)

Kagawa, H., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y.  Estradiol-17b production in isolated amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) ovarian follicles and its stimulation by gonodotropins.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 47: 361-365 (1982)

Young, G. and  Ball, J.N.  Ultrastructural changes in the adenohypophysis during the ovarian cycle of the viviparous teleost Poecilia latipinna.  1.  The gonadotrophic cells.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 48: 39-59 (1982)

Young, G., Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Inhibitory effect of cyanoketone on salmon gonadotropin-induced estradiol-17b production by ovarian follicles of the amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) in vitroGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 47: 357-360 (1982)

Young, G., Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Secretion of aromatizable δ4 androgens by thecal layers during estradiol-17b production by ovarian follicles of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) in vitroBiomedical Research 3: 659-667 (1982)

Young, G., Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Oocyte maturation in the amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus): in vitro effects of salmon gonadotropin, steroids, and cyanoketone (an inhibitor of 3b-hydroxy-?5-steroid dehydrogenase).  Journal of Experimental Zoology 224: 365-375 (1982)

Batten, T.F.C., Young, G. and Ball, J.N.  Secretory activity of Poecilia latipinna (Teleostei) pituitary in vitro: rostral pars distalis and proximal pars distalis.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 53: 113-130 (1983)

Kagawa, H., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y.  Relationship between seasonal plasma estradiol-17b and testosterone levels and in vitro production by ovarian follicles of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus).  Biology of Reproduction 29: 301-309 (1983)

Kagawa, H., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y.  Changes in plasma steroid hormone levels during gonadal maturation in female goldfish, Carassius auratusBulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 19: 1783-1787 (1983)

Nagahama, Y., Hirose, K., Young, G., Adachi, S., Suzuki, K. and Tamaoki, B.  Relative in vitro effectiveness of 17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one and other pregnene derivatives on germinal vesicle breakdown in oocytes of four species of teleosts, ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis), amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus), rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and goldfish (Carassius auratus).  General and Comparative Endocrinology 51: 15-23 (1983)

Ueda, H., Young, G., Crim, L., Kambegawa, A. and Nagahama, Y.  17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one: plasma levels during sexual maturation, and in vitro production by the testes of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) and rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).  General and Comparative Endocrinology 51: 106-112 (1983)

Ueda, H., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y.  Immunocytochemical identification of thyrotropin (TSH)-producing cells in several teleost pituitaries with antiserum to human TSH-b subunit.  Cell and Tissue Research 231: 199-204 (1983)

Young, G. and Ball, J.N.  Ultrastructural changes in the adenohypophysis during the ovarian cycle of the viviparous teleost Poecilia latipinna.  II.  The thyrotrophic cells and the thyroid gland.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 51: 24-38 (1983)

Young, G. and Ball, J.N.  Ultrastructural changes in the adenohypophysis during the ovarian cycle of the viviparous teleost Poecilia latipinna.  III.  Prolactin, adrenocorticotrophic and growth hormone cells and the pars intermedia.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 52: 86-101 (1983)

Young, G. , Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Evidence for a decrease in aromatase activity in the ovarian granulosa cells of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) associated with final oocyte maturation.  Biology of Reproduction 29: 310-315 (1983)

Young, G. , Ueda, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Estradiol-17b and 17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one production by isolated ovarian of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus) in response  to mammalian pituitary and placental hormones and salmon gonadotropin.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 52: 329-335 (1983)

Young, G. , Crim, L.W., Kagawa, H., Kambegawa, A. and Nagahama,Y.  Plasma 17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one levels during sexual maturation of amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus): correlation with plasma gonadotropin and in vitro production by ovarian follicles.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 51: 96-105 (1983)

Edery, M., Young, G., Bern, H.A., and Steiny, S.  Prolactin receptors in tilapia (Sarotherodon mossambicus) tissues: binding studies using 125 I-labelled ovine prolactin.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 56: 19-23 (1984)

Kagawa, H., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y.  In vitro estradiol-17b and testosterone production by ovarian follicles of the goldfish, Carassius auratusGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 54: 139-143 (1984)

Grau, E.G., Nishioka, R.S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the brain and pituitary of three teleost fish species: somatostatin as a potential regulator of prolactin cell function.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 59: 350-357 (1985)

Kagawa, H., Young, G., Adachi, S. and Nagahama, Y.  Induction of 20b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in the granulosa cells of amago salmon, (Oncorhynchus rhodurus), by cyclic nucleotides.  Journal of Experimental Zoology 236; 371-375 (1985)

Nagahama, Y., Kagawa, H.,  Adachi, S. and Young, G. Stimulation of 17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one production in the granulosa cells of amago salmon, Oncorhynchus rhodurus, by cyclic nucleotides. J. Exp. Zool. 236: 371-375 (1985)

Nagahama, Y., Young, G. and Adachi, S.  Effect of actinomycin D and cycloheximide on gonadotropin-induced 17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one production by intact ovarian follicles and granulosa cells of the amago salmon (Oncorhynchus rhodurus).  Development, Growth and Differentiation 27: 213-221 (1985)

Nishioka, R.S., Young, G., Bern, H.A., Jochimsen, W. and Hiser, C.  Attempts to intensify the thyroxine surge in coho and king salmon by chemical stimulation.  Aquaculture 45: 215-225 (1985)

Young, G. Cortisol secretion in vitro by the interrenal of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) during smoltification: relationship with plasma thyroxine and plasma cortisol.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 63: 191-200 (1986)

Young, G. , Adachi, S. and Nagahama, Y.  Role of ovarian thecal and granulosa layers in gonadotropin-induced synthesis of a salmonid maturation-inducing substance (17a, 20b-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one).  Developmental Biology 118: 1-8 (1986)

Bolton, J.P., Young, G., Nishioka, R.S., Hirano, T. and Bern, H.A.  Plasma growth hormone levels in normal and stunted yearling coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutchJournal of Experimental Zoology 242: 379-382 (1987)

Brown, C.L., Young, G., Nishioka, R.S. and Bern, H.A. (1987).  Preliminary report on the physiological status of striped bass in the Carquinez Strait die-off.  Fisheries Research 6: 5-16 (1987)

Nishioka, R.S., Richman, N.H., Young, G., Prunet, P. and Bern, H.A.  Hypophysectomy of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and survival in fresh water and seawater.  Aquaculture 65: 343-352 (1987)

Richman, N.H., Nishioka, R.S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Effects of cortisol and growth hormone replacement on osmoregulation in hypophysectomized coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  General and Comparative Endocrinology 67: 194-201 (1987)

Young, G.  Enhanced response of the interrenal of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) to ACTH after growth hormone treatment in vivo and in vitroGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 71: 85-92 (1988)

Young, G. and Lin, R.J.  Response of the interrenal to adrenocorticotropin after short term thyroxine treatment of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Journal of Experimental Zoology 245: 53-58 (1988)

Björnsson, B.Th., Young, G., Lin, R.J., Deftos, L.J. and Bern, H.A.  Smoltification and seawater adaptation in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): plasma calcium regulation, osmoregulation and calcitonin.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 74: 346-354 (1989)

Cashman, J.R., Olsen, L.D., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  S-Oxygenation of Eptam in fresh and salt-water hepatic microsomes from striped bass (Morone saxatilis).  Chemical Research in Toxicology 2: 392-399 (1989)

Prunet, P., Bouef, G., Bolton, J.P. and Young, G.  Smoltification and seawater adaptation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): plasma prolactin, growth hormone and thyroid hormones.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 74: 355-364 (1989)

Young, G. , Björnsson, B.Th., Prunet, P., Lin, R.J. and Bern, H.A.  Smoltification and seawater adaptation in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): plasma prolactin, growth hormone, thyroid hormones and cortisol.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 74: 337-345 (1989)

Young, G. , Prunet, P., Ogasawara, T., Hirano, T. and Bern, H.A.  Growth retardation (stunting) in coho salmon: plasma hormone levels in stunts in seawater and after transfer to fresh water.  Aquaculture 82: 269-278 (1989)

Avella, M., Young, G., Prunet, P. and Schreck, C.B.  Plasma prolactin and cortisol concentrations during salinity challenges of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) at smolt and post-smolt stages.  Aquaculture 91: 359-372 (1990)

Dauder, S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Effect of hypophysectomy, replacement therapy with ovine prolactin, and cortisol and triiodothyronine treatment on prolactin receptors of the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus).  General and Comparative Endocrinology 77: 378-385 (1990)

Dauder, S., Young, G., Hass, L. and Bern, H.A.  Prolactin receptors in liver, gill and kidney of the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus): characterization and effects of salinity on specific binding of ovine prolactin.  General and Comparative Endocrinology  77: 368-377 (1990)

Edery, M., Turner, T., Dauder, S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Influence of neonatal diethylstilbestrol treatment on prolactin receptor levels in the mouse male reproductive system.  Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 194: 289-293 (1990)

Gray, E.S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Radioreceptor assay for growth hormone in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and its application to the study of stunting.  Journal of Experimental Zoology 256: 290-296 (1990)

Yamauchi, K., Nishioka, R., Young, G., Ogasawara, T., Hirano, T. and Bern, H.A.  Osmoregulation and circulating growth hormone and prolactin levels in hypophysectomized coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) after transfer to fresh water and seawater.  Aquaculture 92: 33-42 (1991)

Gray, E.S., Kelley, K.M., Law, S., Tsai, R., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Regulation of hepatic growth hormone receptors in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)General and Comparative Endocrinology  88: 243-252 (1992)

McCormick, S.D., Kelley, K.M., Young, G., Nishioka, R.S. and Bern, H.A.  Stimulation of coho salmon growth by insulin-like growth factor I. General and Comparative Endocrinology 86: 398:406 (1992)

Yoshikawa, J.S.M., McCormick, S.D., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Effects of salinity on chloride cells and Na+, K+-ATPase activity in the teleost Gillichthys mirabilisComparative Physiology and Biochemistry 105A: 311-317 (1993)

Young, G.  Effects of hypophysectomy on  coho salmon interrenal:  maintenance of steroidogenic pathway and restoration of in vitro responsiveness to adrenocorticotropin after handling.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 92: 428-438 (1993) [

Madsen, S.S., McCormick, S.D., Young, G., Endersen, J.E., Nishioka, R.S. and Bern, H.A.  Physiology of seawater adaptation in the striped bass, Morone saxatilis (Walbaum).  Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 13: 1-11 (1994)

Young, G. , Brown, C.L., Nishioka, R.S., Folmar, L., Andrews, M., Cashman, J.R. and Bern, H.A.  Histopathology, blood chemistry and physiological status of normal and moribund striped bass (Morone saxatilis)  involved in summer mortality ("die-off") in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta of California.  Journal of Fish Biology 44: 491-512 (1994)

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  In vitro biosynthesis of estradiol - 17b and 17a, 20b - dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one by vitellogenic ovarian follicles from migrating New Zealand longfinned eels (Anguilla dieffenbachii).  Aquaculture 135:17-26 (1995)

Young, G.,  McCormick, S.D., Björnsson, B.Th. and Bern, H.A  Circulating growth hormone, cortisol and thyroxine levels after 24-hour seawater challenge of yearling coho salmon at different developmental stages.  Aquaculture 136: 371-384 (1995)

Nagae, M., Todo, T., Gen, K., Kato, Y., Young, G., Adachi, S. and Yamauchi, K.  Molecular cloning of the cDNAs encoding pituitary glycoprotein hormone a- and gonadotropin IIb - subunits of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, and increase of their mRNAs during ovarian development induced by injection of chum salmon pituitary homogenate.  Journal of Molecular Endocrinology  16: 171-181 (1996)

Thorarensen, H., Young, G. and Davie, P.S.  11-ketotestosterone stimulates growth of heart and red muscle in rainbow trout.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 74:912-917 (1996)

Young, G. , Thorarensen, H. and Davie, P.S.  11-ketotestosterone suppresses activity of interrenal cells of rainbow trout.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 103:301-307 (1996)

Schep, L.J.,  Tucker, I.G., Young, G. and  Butt, A.G. Regional permeability differences between the proximal and distal portions of the isolated salmonid posterior intestine.  Journal of Comparative Physiology B  167:370-377 (1997)

Lokman, P.M., Irwin, J.L., Blackwell, L.F., Davie, P.S., Thomas, M. and Young, G.  A simple two-step method for the conversion of [3H]-cortisol to [3H]-11-ketotestosterone.  Steroids 62: 655-658 (1997)

Kobayashi, T.,  Nakamura, M., Kajiura-Kobayashi, H., Young, G., and Y. Nagahama .  Immunolocalization of steroidogenic enzymes (P450scc, P450c17, P450arom and 3b-HSD) in immature and mature testes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  Cell and Tissue Research 292:573-577 (1998)

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  An intersexual migratory ("silver") longfinnned New Zealand eel (Anguilla dieffenbachii) and its gonadal response to treatment with salmon pituitary homogenate.  Journal of Fish Biology 52: 347-333 (1998) 

Lokman, P.M., Vermeulen, G.J., Lambert, J.G.D. and Young, G.  Gonad histology and plasma steroid profiles in wild New Zealand freshwater eels (Anguilla dieffenbachii and A. australis) before and at the onset of the natural spawning migration.  I.  Females.  Fish Physiology and Biochemistry  19:325-338 (1998)

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  Gonad histology and plasma steroid profiles in wild New Zealand freshwater eels (Anguilla dieffenbachii and A. australis) before and at the onset of the natural spawning migration.  II. Males.  Fish Physiology and Biochemistry  19:339-347 (1998)

McQueen, S.M., L.S. Davis and Young, G.  The reproductive endocrinology of Fiordland crested penguins (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus).  Emu 98: 127-131 (1998)

Jiang, J.-Q.,  Young, G., Kobayashi, T. and  Nagahama Y.  Eel (Anguilla japonica) testis 11b-hydroxylase gene is expressed in interrenal tissue and its product lack aldosterone-synthesizing activity.  Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 146:207-211 (1998)

Schep, L.J.,  Tucker, I.G., Young, G., Ledger, R. and  Butt, A.G. Permeability of the salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) posterior intestine in situ to two hydrophilic markers.  Journal of Comparative Physiology B  168:562-568  (1998)

Cross, M.L., Swale, E., Young, G., and Mackintosh, C. Effect of field capture on the measurement of cellular immune responses in wild ferrets (Mustela furo), vectors of bovine tuberculosis in New Zealand.  Veterinary Research 30:401-410 (1999)

Guan, G.J., Tanaka, M., Todo, T., Young, G., and Nagahama, Y.  Cloning and expression of two carbonyl-reductase-like 20b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase cDNAs in ovarian follicles of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 255:123-128 (1999)

McQueen, S.M.,  Davis L.S. and Young, G.  Sex steroid and corticosterone levels during courtship and incubation of Adelie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae).  General and Comparative Endocrinology  114:11-19 (1999) 

Schep, L.J., Tucker, I.G., Young, G., Ledger, R. and  Butt, A.G. Controlled release opportunities for oral peptide delivery in aquaculture.  Journal of Controlled Release 59:1-14 (1999)

Davidson, G.W., Davie, P.S., Young, G. and Fowler, R.T. Physiological responses of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss to crowdingand anesthesia with AQUI-S.  Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 31: 105-114 (2000)

Guan, G., Todo, T., Tanaka, M., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y. Isoleucine-15 of rainbow trout carbonyl reductase-like 20b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is critical for coenzyme (NADPH) binding.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 97: 3079-83 (2000)

King, H.R. and Young, G.  Milt production by non-spermiating male Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) after injection of a commercial gonadotropin releasing hormone analog preparation, 17a-hydroxyprogesterone, or  17a, 20b-dihdroxy-4-pregnen-3-one, alone or in combination.  Aquaculture 193: 179-195 (2001)

Lokman, P.M., Wass, R.T., Suter, H.C., Scott, S.G., Judge, K.F. and Young, G.  Changes in steroid hormone profiles and ovarian histology during salmon pituitary-induced vitellogenesis and ovulation in female New Zealand longfinned eels, Anguilla dieffenbachii Gray.  Journal of Experimental Zoology 289: 119-129 (2001)

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  Induced spawning of New Zealand eels.  New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research  34: 135-145 (2001)

Rohr, D.H., Lokman, P.M., Davie, P.S. and Young, G. 11-Ketotestosterone induces silvering-related changes in immature female short-finned eels, Anguilla australisComparative Physiology and Biochemistry Part A 130: 701-714 (2001).

Kusakabe, M., Todo, T., McQuillan, H.J., Goetz, F.W. and Young, G.  Characterization and expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and MLN64 cDNAs in trout.  Endocrinology 143: 2062-2070 (2002)

Kusakabe, M., Kobayashi, T., Todo, T., Lokman, P.M., Nagahama, Y. and Young, G. Molecular cloning and expression during spermatogenesis of a cDNA encoding 11b-hydroxylase (P45011b) in rainbow trout. Molecular Reproduction and Development  62: 456-469 (2002)

Lokman P.M., Harris, B., Kusakabe, M., Kime, D.E., Schulz, R.W., Adachi, S, and Young, G.  11-Oxygenated androgens in female teleosts: prevalence, abundance, and life history implications.  General and Comparative Endocrinology  129:1-12 (2002)

Jiang, J.Q., Wang D.S., Senthilkumaran, B., Kobayashi, T., Kobayashi, H.K., Yamaguchi, A., Ge, W., Young, G. and Nagahama, Y. Isolation, characterization and expression of 11b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 cDNAs from the testes of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 31: 305–315 (2003)

Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I. and Young, G.  11b-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase complementary deoxyribonucleic acid in rainbow trout: cloning, sites of expression, and seasonal changes in gonads. Endocrinology 144: 2534-2545 (2003)

Lokman, P.M., Kazeto, Y., Ijiri, S., Young, G., Miura, T., Adachi, S. and Yamauchi, K. Ovarian mitochondrial cytochrome b mRNA levels increase with sexual maturity in freshwater eels (Anguilla  spp.)  Journal of Comparative Physiology B 173: 11-19 (2003)

McQuillan, H.J., Lokman, P.M. and Young, G. Effects of sex steroids, sex and sexual maturity on cortisol production: an in vitro comparison of chinook salmon and rainbow trout interrenals. General and Comparative Endocrinology  133:154-163 (2003)

Quinn, M.C.J., Veillette, P.A. and Young, G. Pseudobranch and gill Na+,K+-ATPase activity in juvenile chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha: developmental changes and effects of growth hormone, cortisol and seawater transfer. Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry A 135: 249-262 (2003)

Saito, K., Lokman, P.M., Young, G., Ozaki, Y., Matsubara, H., Okumura, H., Kazeto, Y., Yoshiura, Y., Aida, K., Adachi, S. and Yamauchi, K. Follicle-stimulating hormone b, luteinizing hormone b and glycoprotein a subunit RNA levels in artificially maturing Japanese eel Anguilla japonica and naturally maturing New Zealand longfinned eel Anguilla dieffenbachii. Fisheries Science 69: 146-153 (2003).

Suter,  H.C., Kennedy, M. and Young,  G. Neoteny or not? The distribution of the hypophysial duct within the Galaxioidea. Journal of Fish Biology 64, 1217–1225 (2004).

Nakamura, I., J.C. Evans, M. Kusakabe, Y. Nagahama, and G. Young. Changes in steroidogenic enzyme and steroidogenic acute regulatory protein messenger RNAs in ovarian follicles during ovarian development of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). General and Comparative Endocrinology 144: 224-231 (2005).

Veillette, P.A. and Young, G. Temporal changes in intestinal Na+, K+-ATPase activity and in vitro responsiveness to cortisol in juvenile chinook salmon. Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry A 138: 297-303 (2004).

Veillette, P.A. and Young, G. Tissue culture of sockeye salmon intestine: functional response of Na+, K+-ATPase to cortisol. Americian Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative 288:R1598–R1605 (2005)

Veillette, P.A.. White, R.J., Specker, J.L. and Young, G. Osmoregulatory physiology of pyloric ceca: regulated and adaptive changes in chinook salmon. Journal of Experimental Zoology 303A: 608-613 (2005)

Hagen, I.J., Kusakabe, M. and Young, G. Effects of ACTH and cAMP on steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) and P450 11b-hydroxylase messenger RNAs in rainbow trout interrenal cells: relationship with in vitro cortisol production. General and Comparative Endocrinology 145: 244-262 (2006)

Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I., Evans, J., Swanson, P., and Young, G. Changes in mRNAs encoding steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, steroidogenic enzymes and receptors for gonadotropins during spermatogenesis in rainbow trout testes. Journal of Endocrinology 189: 541-554 (2006)

Lokman, PM, KAN George, SL Divers, M Algie, G Young. 11-ketotestosterone and IGF-I increase the size of previtellogenic oocytes from shortfinned eel, Anguilla australis, in vitro. Reproduction 133:955-967. DOI: 10.1530/REP-06-0229. Available online: http://www.reproduction-online.org/. (2007)

Zuccarelli, M.D., Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I., Prentice, E.F., Young, G., and Ingermann, R.L. Acute stress response of Kootenai River white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus Richardson reflected in peritoneal fluid and blood plasma. Journal of Fish Biology 72:1831-1840 (2008) DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01840.x. Available online at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com.

Kusakabe, M., Zuccarelli, M.D., Nakamura, I., and Young, G.. Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein in white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus): cDNA cloning, sites of expression and transcript abundance in corticosteroidogenic tissue after an acute stressor. General and Comparative Endocrinology 162: 233-240 (2009)

Nakamura, I., Kusakabe, M., and Young, G. 2009. Differential suppressive effects of low physiological doses of estradiol-17b in vivo on levels of mRNAs encoding steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and three steroidogenic enzymes in previtellogenic ovarian follicles of rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 163: 318–323 (2009).

Non-refereed Journal Articles/Abstracts

Young, G. and Ball, J.N.  Effects of ovariectomy and oestrogen treatment on the ultrastructure of the adenohypophysis in the teleost Poecilia latipinnaJournal of Endocrinology 83: 30 P (1979)

Young, G. and Ball, J.N.  Effects of LH-RH on the ultrastructure of the gonadotrophic cells in the pituitary of Poecilia latipinna in vivo and in vitroGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology 40: 341-342 (1980)

Grau, E.G., Nishioka, R.S., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Somatostatin-like immunofluorescence in the hypothalamus and pituitary of several teleost fish.  American Zoologist 23: 833 (1983)

Young, G.  Cortisol secretion by the interrenal gland of coho salmon during smoltification.  American Zoologist 24: 407 (1984)

Young, G., Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Role of the thecal and granulosa cells in the production of maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) by ovarian follicles of salmonid fishes.  General and Comparative Endocrinology  53: 455 (1984)

Nishioka, R.S., Richman, N.H., Young, G. and Bern, H.A.  Preliminary studies on the effects of hypophysectomy on coho and king salmon.  Aquaculture 45: 385-386 (1985)

Young, G.  In vitro studies on interrenal gland activity during smoltification of coho salmon.  Aquaculture 45: 391-392 (1985)

Young, G.  Endocrine and environmental influences on coho salmon interrenal activity.  American Zoologist 25: 368 (1985)

Young, G. and Nishioka, R.S.  Effects of hypophysectomy on interrenal function in coho salmon.  American Zoologist 28: 782 (1988)

Björnsson, B.Th., Young, G., Lin, R.J., Deftos, L.J., Prunet, P. and Bern, H.A.  Free plasma calcium regulation during seawater exposure of smoltified coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): possible involvement of calcitonin, growth hormone and prolactin.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 74: 269 (1989)

Young, G.  Multihormonal regulation of the interrenal of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Aquaculture 82: 381-382 (1989)

Young, G., Björnsson, B.Th., Prunet, P.,Lin, R.J. and Bern, H.A.  Plasma levels of prolactin and growth hormone during the parr-smolt transformation of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutchAquaculture 82: 382-383 (1989)

Ron, B., Zohar, Y., Borski, R., Young, G. and Grau, E.G.  Effects of dorsal aorta cannulation on cortisol and other stress parameters in the euryhaline tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus.  Aquaculture 135: 74 (1995)

Young, G., Wass, R.T. and Crabb, P.L.  Steroid profiles during arrest of oocyte development after capture of wild greenbone, Odax pullusAquaculture 135: 78 (1995)

Young, G., Kusakabe, M. and Nakamura, I. Cloning and characterization of 11b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase cDNA in rainbow trout. Biology of Reproduction Sp. Issue: 260, abstract 401 (2003)

Campbell B., Dickey, J., Beckman, B., Young, G., Pierce, A., Fukada, H., Fairgrieve, W. and Swanson, P. Growth and ovarian development in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch.  Biology of Reproduction Sp. Issue: 116, abstract 102 (2004)

Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I. and Young, G. Seasonal change in steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and steroidogenic enzyme mRNAs in male rainbow trout. kisutch.  Biology of Reproduction Sp. Issue: 103, abstract 45 (2004)

Nakamura, I., Kusakabe, M. and Young, G.  Changes in ovarian steroidogenic enzymes and steroidogenic acute regulatory protein mRNAs during the reproductive cycle of female rainbow trout.  Biology of Reproduction Sp. Issue: 117, abstract 107 (2004) 

Campbell, B., Dickey, J., Beckman, B., Young, G., Pierce, A., Fukada, H., and Swanson, P. Previtellogenic oocyte growth in salmon: relationships among body growth, plasma insulin-like growth factor-1, estradiol-17beta, follicle-stimulating hormone and expression of ovarian genes for insulin-like growth factors, steroidogenic-acute regulatory protein and receptors for gonadotropins, growth hormone, and somatolactin. Biology of Reproduction 75: 34-44 (2006)

Setiawan, A.N., Davis, L.S., Darby, J.T., Lokman, P.M., Young, G., Blackberry, M.A., Cannell, B.L., and Martin, G.B. Hormonal correlates of parental behavior in yellow-eyed penguins (Megadyptes antipodes). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology 145: 357-362 (2006)

Setiawan, A.N., Davis, L.S., Darby, J.T., Lokman, P.M., Young, G., Blackberry, M.A., Cannell, B.L., and Martin, G.B. Effect of artificial stimuli on the reproductive schedule and hormone levels of yellow-eyed penguins (Megadyptes antipodes). Hormones and Behavior 51:46-53 (2007)

Refereed Conference Proceedings

Nishioka, R.S., Young, G., Grau, E.G. and Bern, H.A.  Environmental and endocrine bases for lunar-phased hatchery releases.  In Proceedings of the 2nd Pacific Aquaculture Symposium. pp. 161-172 Tokai University Press, Shimizu (1983)

King, H. and Young, G.  Increased milt production by gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa)-treated Atlantic salmon after injection of 17a-hydroxyprogesterone.  In Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Reproductive Physiology of Fish. p. 123. University of Texas Printing Department , Austin  (1995)

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  Plasma sex steroids in female New Zealand freshwater eels (Anguilla  spp.) before and at the onset of the natural spawning migration.  In Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Reproductive Physiology of Fish. p. 221-223. University of Texas Printing Department , Austin  (1995)

Suter, H., Swanson, P., and  Young, G. The hypophysial duct of a euryhaline teleost, Galaxias maculatus. In Advances in Comparative Endocrinology (S. Kawashima and S. Kikuyama eds.) pp. 761-766. Monduzzi Editore, Bologna (1997)

Veillette, P.A. and Young, G.  Direct effect of cortisol on Na+, K+-ATPase activity in organ-cultured pyloric caeca and intestine of sockeye salmon. In Advances in Comparative Endocrinology (S. Kawashima and S. Kikuyama eds.) pp. 1399-1403. Monduzzi Editore, Bologna (1997)

Young, G., Todo, T., Guan, G., Kobayashi, T. and Nagahama, Y. Steroidogenesis by the salmonid ovarian follicle: the two-cell type model revisited In Advances in Comparative Endocrinology (S. Kawashima and S. Kikuyama eds.) pp. 1443-1449. Monduzzi Editore, Bologna (1997)

Quinn, M.C.J. and Young, G.  Effect of cortisol and growth hormone on chinook salmon gill and pseudobranch Na+,K+-ATPase activity. In Recent Progress in Molecular and Comparative Endocrinology (H.B. Kwon, J.M.P. Joss and S. Ishii eds.). pp. 498-502 Hormone Research Center,  Kwangju (1999)

Lokman, P.M., Watari, H., Okumura, H., Kazeto, Y., Young, G., Adachi, S., and Yamauchi, K.  Spontaneous and induced oogenesis in the eel - do morphological differences in oocyte cytology reflect aberrant yolking?  In Reproductive Physiology of Fish (B. Norberg, O.S. Kjesbu, G.L. Taranger, E. Andersson and S.O. Stefansson eds.). p. 308. Institute of Marine Research,  Bergen (2000)

Matsubara, H., Kazeto, Y., Lokman, P.M., Okumura, H, Ijiri, S., Young, G., Adachi, S., and Yamauchi, K.  Comparison of mRNA levels of ovarian steroidogenic enzymes between artificially maturing Japanese and naturally maturing New Zealand eels. In Reproductive Physiology of Fish (B. Norberg, O.S. Kjesbu, G.L. Taranger, E. Andersson and S.O. Stefansson eds.). p. 181. Institute of Marine Research,  Bergen (2000)

Young, G., Todo, T., Kusakabe, M., Kobayashi, T., and Nagahama, Y.  3b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene: sites of expression in trout gonads and cAMP-dependent regulation. In Reproductive Physiology of Fish (B. Norberg, O.S. Kjesbu, G.L. Taranger, E. Andersson and S.O. Stefansson eds.). p. 202. Institute of Marine Research,  Bergen (2000)

Campbell, B., Dickey, J, Beckman, B., Young,  G., Pierce, A. and Swanson P.  Endocrine changes associated with the growth of pre-vitellogenic oocytes in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutchFish Physiology and Biochemistry 28: 287-289 (2003) 

Kusakabe, M., Nakamura, I. and Young, G.  Enzymatic activity of 11b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 28: 197-198 (2003)

Lokman,  P.M., George, K.A.N., and Young, G.  Effects of steroid and peptide hormones on in vitro growth of previtellogenic oocytes from eel, Anguilla australis. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 28: 283-285 (2003)

Matsubara, M., Lokman, P.M. , Senaha, A. Kazeto, Y. , Ijiri,  S. , Kambegawa,  A., Hirai, T., Young, G., Todo, T., Adachi, S. and Yamauchi,  K. Synthesis and possible function of 11-ketotestosterone during oogenesis in eel (Anguilla spp.). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 28: 353-354 (2003)

Nakamura,  I., Kusakabe, M. and  Young, G.  Regulation of steroidogenic enzyme mRNAs in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ovarian follicles in vitroFish Physiology and Biochemistry 28: 355-356 (2003) 

Luckenbach J.A., Kusakabe, M., Swanson, P. and Young, G. Unilateral ovariectomy increases egg size and reduces follicular atresia in the semelparous coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Journal of Experimental Zoology 309A:468-476 (2008)

Other Significant Conference Involvement

Attendance by invitation

Invited Chair, 7th International Symposium on Reproductive Physiology of Fish, Mie, Japan, 2003

Invited Speaker, 45th International National Institute of Basic Biology Conference: Recent Progress in Endocrine Disruptor Research, Okazaki, Japan, 2001

Young, G. Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and steroidogenic enzymes of fish:  StARTing to understand their regulation by sex steroids.  In: Proceedings of the 45th International National Institute of Basic Biology Conference: Recent Progress in Endocrine Disruptor Research, Okazaki, Japan, p. 28-29 (2001)

Invited Speaker,3rd IUBS International Symposium on Molecular Aspects of Fish Genomes and Development, Singapore, 2001.

Young, G. and Goetz, F.W. Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein: a regulator of steroidogenesis in trout?  In: Proceedings of the 3rd IUBS International Symposium on Molecular Aspects of Fish Genomes and Development, Singapore p. 42 (2001)

Invited Chair, Recent Advances in Molecular Endocrinology symposium, Third International Symposium of the Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, Kwangju, 1998.

Invited Speaker, Symposium on Endocrine Regulation of Ovarian Function, XIII International Congress of Comparative Endocrinology, Yokohama, 1997:

Young, G., Todo, T., Guan, G., Kobayashi, T. and Nagahama, Y. Steroidogenesis by the salmonid ovarian follicle: the two-cell type model revisited In Advances in Comparative Endocrinology (S. Kawashima and S. Kikuyama eds.) pp. 1443-1449. Monduzzi Editore, Bologna (1997)

Invited Chair, Aquaculture session, Third Congress of the Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, Sydney, 1996.

Invited Chair, Gametogenesis session, Fifth International Symposium on the Reproductive Physiology of Fish, Austin, Texas, July 1995

Invited Speaker, Colloquium on Applications of Endocrinology to Pacific Rim Aquaculture, Bodega Marine Laboratory, California, 1994: 

Lokman, P.M. and Young, G.  In vitro biosynthesis of estradiol-17b and 17a, 20b - dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one by vitellogenic ovarian follicles from migrating New Zealand longfinned eels (Anguilla dieffenbachii).  Aquaculture 135:17-26 (1995)

Invited Symposium Lecturer (two papers) and invited Chair (Fisheries and Aquaculture session), Second Intercongress Symposium of the Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, October  Chiang Mai, Thailand, 1993:

Young, G. and Lokman, P.M.  Reproduction of New Zealand eels:  Anguilla dieffenbachii (longfinned eel) and A. australis schmidtii (shortfinned eel).  In Proceedings of the Second Intercongress Symposium of the Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology. pp. 48-51 (1993)  and

Young, G. and Scott, S.G. (1993).  Endocrine and environmental factors influencing cortisol secretion in salmonid fishes.  In Proceedings of the Second Intercongress Symposium of the Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology.  pp. 31-34  (1993)

Invited Discussant (Stress Physiology session), 2nd International Symposium on Fish Endocrinology, St. Malo, France, 1992

Invited Chair (Salmon Endocrinology session), and Invited Panelist, 11th International Symposium on Comparative Endocrinology, Malaga, 1989

Invited Speaker, 3rd International Symposium on Salmonid Smoltification,  Trondheim, 1988:

Young, G., Björnsson, B.Th., Prunet, P., Lin, R.J. and Bern, H.A.  Plasma levels of prolactin and growth hormone during the parr-smolt transformation of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutchAquaculture 82: 382-383 (1989)

Invited State of the Art Lecture, 1st Congress, Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology, Nagoya, 1987:

Young, G., Nishioka, R.S. and Bern, H.A.  Endocrine physiology of salmonid development and seawater adaptation.  In Proceedings of the 1st Congress, Asia and Oceania Society for Comparative Endocrinology. pp. 363-364. Nagoya University Corporation, Nagoya (1987)

Invited Speaker, US-Japan Joint Seminar on Salmon Development and Reproduction,  Hawaii, 1984: “In vitro studies on cortisol secretion during smoltification of coho salmon".

Invited Speaker, 9th Congress of European Comparative Endocrinologists, July, Sheffield, 1983:

Young, G., Kagawa, H. and Nagahama, Y.  Role of the thecal and granulosa cells in the production of maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) by ovarian follicles of salmonid fishes.  General and Comparative Endocrinology  53: 455 (1984)

Invited Speaker, Ocean Research Institute International Symposium on Fish Reproduction and Migration, Tokyo, 1981:  "Aspects of steroidogenesis in the amago salmon ovarian follicle"

Invited Speaker, National Institute for Basic Biology International Symposium on Mechanisms of Reinitiation of Meiosis, Okazaki, 1981:  “Endocrine control of oocyte maturation in the amago salmon"